How Technologies of the Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR) Will Change Medicine
According to L. Signe
The healthcare sector has tremendous potential to capitalize on the investments and innovations of the Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR), including through the use of solutions provided by disruptive technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI) and next generation computers, machine learning, big data analytics, 3D printing, Internet of Things, automated vehicles and drones, cloud computing and blockchain technologies.
Indeed, investments in health-related 4IR technologies can bring great profits from a business perspective, and more importantly, 4IR offers efficient and effective ways to implement public health measures to improve its effectiveness and overcome crises such as COVID-19, fever Ebola, and other widespread diseases. AI and mobile technologies, for example, offer data collection tools to help tracing people contacts, checking symptoms, predicting outbreaks of infections, tracking vulnerabilities; they can be used to create communication platforms for doctor-patient interaction and public health information campaigns, while blockchain-based solutions can protect privacy. during the macroanalysis of these crises by anonymizing the collected data. Cloud platforms make social distancing easier for workers and students, as do drones and robots delivering medicines, medical supplies and food to healthcare facilities with infected patients. Advanced materials and nanotechnology also play a critical role in rapid diagnosis, therapy, surveillance and monitoring, vaccines and new, more effective forms of personal protective equipment. Quantum computing enables fast computation, expanding the functionality of applications that can accelerate drug discovery, optimize hospital and healthcare logistics, and accelerate vaccine validation.
3D printing can scale up the production of critical medical supplies such as test kits, face masks, goggles and ventilator components, especially if digital designs become available to the general public. Mobile money allows merchants to dispense with cash, and thermal imagers can quickly and contactlessly identify fever, monitor and monitor.
A healthy society is essential for stability and economic growth: better health outcomes lead to higher productivity, better quality and better life expectancy. Governments can and should benefit from the Fourth Industrial Revolution in the health sector, and encourage the development and implementation of appropriate revolutionary innovations.