Preservation of cultural memory in a modern city: state and international particularities of the regulation
Science and Education a New Dimension. Humanities and Social Sciences. Hungary. VIII (37). I.: 223. 2020 Feb. С. 7-11.
Abstract. The article touches upon the problem of the impact of modern global problems on the city's cultural heritage through which the cultural memory is transmitted and upon the responsibility for its preservation. In particular, on the basis of UNESCOCIDE problem associated with the increased attention of tourists to objects marked by UNESCO, is shown the destructive impact destroyed places of memory on urban communities. The paper analyzes the work of international organizations (such as UN-Habitat and ICOMOS) regulating urban policy and optimizing urban changes, and provides a theoretical assessment of the possible effectiveness of such activities in Ukrainian realities. Mechanisms of regulation of urban development by international organizations that may be relevant for Ukrainian cities and urban development strategies have been studied. The conclusion has been made that urban cultural heritage conservation is crucial in this process. The article examines the policy documents of international and European organizations regarding the preservation of cultural memory and cultural heritage in European cities (in particular, the Declaration "Towards a high-quality Baukultur for Europe", adopted before the Davos Economic Forum in 2018 by the Ministers of Culture of Europe and "The New Urban Agenda" adopted by UN-Habitat). A theoretically substantiated way of regulation of this issue in Ukraine has been proposed.
Keywords: urban culture, cultural heritage, memory in urban space, UN-Habitat, Baukultur
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