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Recommendations on security guarantees for Ukraine presented in Kyiv

14.09.2022
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https://www.bbc.com/ukrainian/live/news-62732627

The authors propose to create the Kyiv Treaty on Security - a joint document on strategic partnership that will unite Ukraine and the guarantor states.

In particular, the content of the recommendations is reduced to the following provisions:

  • Ukraine should be able to defend itself against an aggressor in accordance with Article 51 of the UN Charter ("on the right to self-defense"). To do this, Ukraine needs resources to maintain a powerful armed forces;
  • To have such resources, Kyiv needs multi-year investments in Ukraine, the transfer of weapons and intelligence support from allies, joint exercises under the auspices of the EU and NATO;
  • Security guarantees should be "clearly articulated" and "define a set of commitments" made by a group of guarantors together with Ukraine. They should be politically and legally binding on the basis of bilateral agreements, but consolidated in a joint strategic partnership document called the Kyiv Treaty on security;
  • The potential treaty will unite the main group of allied countries and Ukraine. This group of guarantor states may consist of the USA, Great Britain, Canada, Poland, Italy, Germany, France, Australia, Turkey, as well as the countries of Northern Europe and the Baltic States, Central and Eastern Europe;

At the same time, a potential agreement on security guarantees for Ukraine is not a substitute for joining NATO, the course for which is spelled out in the Ukrainian constitution. This will be a means of ensuring the security of the country until this entry takes place.

The discussion of security guarantees for Ukraine in exchange for not joining NATO was part of the Russian-Ukrainian negotiations that began shortly after the Russian invasion. But, after the meeting in Istanbul, at which the provisions of potential agreements between Russia and Ukraine were announced, the negotiation process actually came to naught.

 

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