Main » Research » Globalization » AMERICAN GLOBAL PROJECT AS A THREAT TO EUROPEAN DEMOCRACY

AMERICAN GLOBAL PROJECT AS A THREAT TO EUROPEAN DEMOCRACY

01.07.2019
278

A. V. Belokobylsky, V. S. Levicky
AMERICAN GLOBAL PROJECT AS A THREAT TO EUROPEAN
DEMOCRACY
Annotation. The article proposes to supplement the world-system methodology with
ideas about the central role of ontological beliefs for the formation of a unified
civilizational space of world systems in general and the space of Western civilization
in particular. Global transformations, which are happening, today can be described
(using Heideggerian terminology) as a change of the “time of World Picture” by the
“time of the Construction of the World”. This transformation is accompanied by a
change in the entire landscape of social practices and legitimations, including
religious, political, economic, technological, etc., regions of reality. The article
focuses on changing the cultural place of religion and the type of religiosity, which in
the beginning of the XXI century bring to life anti-Western religiously motivated
global development projects; in particular, there are several variants of the Islamic
project, as well as Chinese and Russian ones. Each of them denies the right of
Western values ​​and civilizational strategies to global hegemony and promotes its own
value-ideological platforms. Within the framework of this approach, the features of
the American civilization project are analyzed, and the changes in the rhetoric of the
American politicians after November 9, 2001 (which is becoming increasingly
saturated with religious symbols and allusions) are marked as the beginning of a new
stage of globalization - the competition of religiously motivated civilization
development projects. The changes in US foreign policy under the slogan “America
First!”, including new versions of the basic documents, like the National Security
Strategy, points to the fact that we are witnessing the design of a US anti-Western
project like the Chinese, Russian and Islamic ones. It is inspired by the semi-religious

mission of protecting Western values, the exclusive owner of which is declared to be
American democracy, but aimed at promoting particular national interests in the
world in general and in Europe in particular. The United States, while remaining
nominally western, is more likely to be religiously grounded cultural recipients of
European ideas. Considering the power of the first economy of the world, the
American alternative should be considered as the main threat to European
democracy.
Keywords: reality, global project, American exceptionality, religiosity, human
rights.